451 - Rothmann-Makai syndrome is a variant of idiopathic lobular panniculitis seen in infants - tends to be localized and spontaneously resolves; associated with autoimmune diseases such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis - diabetes - and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
452 - Lugol’s solution is 5% iodine and 10% KI - a dose of 6.3 mg of I per drop - for giving iodine.
453 - Stoppa repair is hernia repair using tension-free intraparietal prosthetic mesh.
454 - Auenbrugger’s sign is epigastric bulge due to a massive pericardial effusion.
455 - Zahn - lines of is thrombi formed within a cardiac chamber or the aorta - may have apparent laminations - produced by alternating layers of paler platelets admixed with some fibrin - separated by darker layers containing more red cells.
456 - Cagot ear is absence of ear lobe; assocated with region in Pyrennes.
457 - Ham’s test is for diagnosing paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria - uses increased sensitivity of PNH-affected RBCs to lysis by complement; introduced in late 1930s.
458 - Forscheimer spots is in rubella - punctate soft palate macules.
459 - Apley grind test is for meniscal tears - flex patient’s leg to 90 degrees - then grind the tibial condyles against the femoral condyles with rotation motion in the varus and then valgus positions.
460 - clay shoveler’s fracture is fracture of spinous process of C7.