1 - Lorenzo’s oil is after Lorenzo Odone - diagnosed with adrenoleukodystrophy in 1984 - the triglycerides of monounsaturated oleic acid and erucic acid 4:1 - felt to reduce very long chain fatty acids to normal levels in ALD.
2 - Mayo - veins of is vein overlying pylorus
3 - Hutchinson freckle is lentigo maligna - a nonfamilial precursor to lentigo maligna melanoma
4 - Chadwick’s sign is blue-red passive hyperemia of the cervix that may appear after 7th week of pregnancy; may be seen in association with tumor; results from congestion of mucosa and most visible in anterior vaginal wall.
5 - Cabot ring is in asplenia or malfunctional spleen - nuclear remnants on red blood cells as a thin - darkly-stained ring that follows the margin of the red cell
6 - Epstein-Barr virus is EBV binds to CD21 found on epithelial cells and B cells; however a large number of T suppressor cells and EBV specific cells are seen as atypical lymphocytes
7 - Sugiura procedure is for treating esophageal varices - esophageal and gastric devascularization - esophageal transection
8 - Sneddon-Wilkinson disease is subcorneal pustular dermatosis; rare - chronic - recurrent pustular eruption characterized by subcorneal pustules that contain abundant neutrophils
9 - von Braun-Fernwald’s sign is Piskacek’s sign.
10 - Leydig cell tumors is testicular tumor derived from the stroma - may find Reinke crystals (q.v.)