Tuesday, February 19, 2008

eponyms in medicine - part 19

181 - Hollenhorst plaques is cholesterol emboli visible as small bright flecks lodged in arterial bifurcations in retina.

182 - Reinke crystals is in 25% of Leydig cell tumors - intracytoplasmic rod-shaped crystalloids.

183 - Heyde’s syndrome is association between bleeding from gastrointestinal angiodysplasia and severe aortic stenosis which may resolve with aortic valve replacement; may be explained by acquired type IIA von Willebrand’s syndrome; first described by Hyde in N Engl J Med 1958;259:196.

184 - Bannayan-Ruvalcaba-Riley syndrome is Bannayan-Zonana syndrome

185 - Brodman area is neuro anatomical classification of the cortex based on its cyto architecture into 52 areas; e.g. precentral gyrus Brodman 4 - striate cortex Brodman 17

186 - Dressler’s beat is fusion beat seen in ventricular tachycardia.

187 - Leydig cell tumors is testicular tumor derived from the stroma - may find Reinke crystals (q.v.).

188 - Jatene’s arterial switch is for treating transposition of great vessels - pulmonary artery and aorta are transected above valves and switched - and coronary arteries are moved from old aortic root to new aorta (former pulmonary root).

189 - Kartagener’s syndrome is a triad of sinusitis - bronchiectasis - and situs inversus; also associated with ciliary dysfunction; Manes Kartagener - Swiss physician - 1897-1975.

190 - Hippocratic fingers is clubbing.

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